Discovery of C60 has led the paradigm shift in understanding the graphite, particularly graphene sheets on small scale. It is now known as the most stable form of carbon aggregate which contains tens to several thousands of atoms is the closed nanotube or buckyball. This understanding is very new and it is not restricted to the pure carbon but it is also applied to several other sheet forming materials such as boron nitride which is also forming the nanotubes. The closed fullerene structures which incorporating the sulfides of metals like molybdenum and tungsten exhibiting the excellent solid lubricant properties. The carbon nanotubes are coated with the sheaths of metal sulfides for producing the tiny insulated electrical wire.
Nanotubes and Fullerenes are engendered much excitement especially with regard to the possible future applications. But right now such applications are very few and far. Nanotubes particularly may well bring the revolution in the materials science. For example, if SWNTs are able to make the bundles of 100 billion then the material will be produced that may approach the limits of tensile strength for any known material which involves the chemical bond. In practices, no material will approach the theoretical intrinsic strength because of the breakdowns brought on by the propagation of microscopic defects through the material.
The bundle of nanotubes may bypass this problem such as microscopic defects which are annealing along the length of a particular tube and certainly should not be propagated across the bundle. Thus this will avoid the problems that occur in the conventional materials. The estimation of this tensile strength are always varying but it is predicted that the 1-meter rod may reach 50 to 100 times the strength of steel at one-sixth of weight. The impact of such a material on building construction, civil engineering, automobiles, and aircraft would be spectacular.
In order to realize this potential, the new process will have to be discovered that can produce longer than 1 meter which is perfect bundles in which all 100 billion nanotubes preferably have the same diameter and atomic arrangements. At present, the technology for achieving this does not exist indeed also it is not even obvious what is the strategy which might be used for reaching this goal. More realistically, the carbon nanotube composite materials are exhibiting the improved behavior over the standard composites of carbon fiber and are likely in the near term. In addition to this application on the small scale should also be feasible for medical purposes, for example, the strength of individual nanotubes may prove to be useful in microsurgery or nanosurgery. For more info visit MSTnano.com, there you will find all the detail information about this products.