A hip fracture is a break in the uppermost part of the thighbone also known as the thighbone. Most hip fractures are found in old-aged patients. The reason for the hip fracture is the weakening of the bones over the age. When a patient suffers from a hip fracture it is because of some accidents such as falling from high altitude or vehicle accidents. Hip fracture is very painful and requires proper surgical treatments. The long-term fracture creates some other issues such as bed sores, pneumonia, and clotting of blood.
There are mostly two types of hip fractures:
- The femoral neck: – It arises in the neck of a femur (thighbone). It is situated in the above portion of a femur and just below the ball and socket joint. This fracture affects the blood circulation to the head bone of the hip. It is hard to retain the natural condition of bone without a proper supply of blood. Sometimes this fracture may result in arthritis.
- The intertrochanteric hip fracture: – This is located just below the neck of a femur and down to the hip joint. This fracture does not affect the blood flow.
Hip fracture physiotherapy is the practice as soon as the surgery has been done. The goal of physiotherapy is to provide the strength that they may have loose after the hip fracture. The main aim of hip fracture is to restore the individual ability to walk as natural.
Causes of hip fracture and symptoms
A hip fracture can be caused by several factors such as car accidents, car crashes, or falling from a high standing height. Hip fracture occurs due to weak bones.
Symptoms of hip fracture are: –
- Do not able to walk, stand or move the leg.
- Heavy pain in the hip and joints.
- Swelling around the area of the hip and leg.
- You may notice a shorter leg on the side of the fractured hip
The risk of hip fracture increases if you suffer from: –
- Osteoporosis: – It is a condition of weak bones and it has a high chance to break.
- Thyroid problems: – Thyroid might result in fragile bones.
- Intestinal disorders: – It is a condition in which a body cannot absorb vitamin D and calcium.
- Low blood sugar and low blood pressure increase the risk of hip fracture.
The hip fracture can be cured efficiently by hip fracture physiotherapy. A physiotherapist provides a proper plan as per the condition of the fracture.