The two bean-shaped kidneys extract wastes from the blood as well as they balance the body fluids and provide support in various important functions of one’s body.
The kidneys located against one’s back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity. Two kidneys sit opposite position of each other on both sides of the spine. The right kidney placed in a little bit lower, as compared to the left one for accommodating the liver. Kidneys play vital roles in the body including wasting excretion, balancing water level, regulating blood pressure, regulating red blood cells, and regulating acid.
A kidney transplant has become a common treatment choice for the kidney failure, as compared to the lifetime on dialysis. A kidney transplant is able to treat kidney disease along with GFR or glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 20 ml/min and also the end-stage renal disease to provide the blessing of longer and better life.
If you want to know the procedure of registration for kidney transplant in india, then you can ask your Doctor.
If a comparison made with dialysis, then kidney transplant may be a better choice, as it involves:
- Better and healthier quality of life
- Lower death risk
- Fewer dietary limitations
- Lower cost of treatment
Some individuals might also be benefitted from experiencing a kidney transplant prior to the requirement of dialysis, such procedure is called preemptive kidney transplant.
However, for some patients (who are suffering from kidney failure), a kidney transplant procedure might be riskier than others, as compared to dialysis. Some conditions, where kidney transplant should not be performed, are:
- Severe heart disease
- Advanced age
- Recently or active treated cancer
- Poorly controlled mental illness
- Drug abuse or alcohol
If a well-matched living donor is not available, then the patient’s name may be placed on the waiting list for the kidney transplant in order to receive a kidney from a departed donor.
The waiting period for a departed donor organ is dependent on some factors, such as the degree of compatibility or matching between the patient and the donor, expected survival post-transplant, and time on dialysis. Some patients receive a match within some months and others may have to wait for several years.
Assessment of Kidney Transplantation
One patient may be referred for the kidney transplantation if he or she is about to start or have started dialysis. The assessment is not dependent on ethnic background or age; however, it depends on the patient’s fitness that whether he or she is compatible with the operation or whether he or she will be able to withstand the post-surgery problems. A detailed discussion will happen between the patient’s kidney doctor (nephrologist), the transplant surgeon, other specialists (such as a chest physician or a cardiologist) and the patient’s GP and of course with the patient before proceeding to a decision.
If the patient proves to be eligible for the transplantation, then the risks and benefits will be explained to him or her and then a number of tests will be performed. At last, the patient will be placed on the kidney transplant waiting list.
For having an idea about kidney transplant price in india, you can consult your Specialist.